3 This theory of constructive legislation is then presented by Kelsen as forming a hierarchy of legal guidelines which begin from a primary norm (Grundnorm) the place all other norms are related to each other by either being inferior norms, when the one is in comparison with the opposite, or superior norms.
That these two primary norms, or factors of view, can come apart, is properly demonstrated by Kelsen’s comment that even an anarchist, if he had been a professor of regulation, could describe optimistic law as a system of legitimate norms, with out having to approve of this law” (PT2 218n).
It’s for them alone to point out what we must do, as well as to find out what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and unsuitable, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are mounted to their throne” (Bentham 1948, 1). Thus, a commitment to pure law idea of morality is according to the denial of pure regulation theory of legislation.
In doing so, I’ll try to isolate the distinctive nature of legal institutions by contrasting them with intently related phenomena, resembling parenting, golf equipment, organized crime, condominium associations and so on. I hope to point out by way of this comparative process that authorized programs are institutions of a very special form: they are compulsory planning organizations that have a moral aim and bear a privileged relation to other planning organizations.
Importantly, Kelsen allows for the legislative course of to recognize the law as the product of political and ethical debate which is the product of the activity of the legislature before it turns into a part of the domain of the static idea of law.