The concept of a pure principle of law was propounded by the Austrian jurist and philosopher Hans Kelsen. Ethical criticism and reform of legislation may be aided by an initial ethical skepticism concerning the legislation. Austin is a main instance of a positivist in authorized idea, however his was just one version which we call “command idea:” Law, Austin reasons, has the status of command.
Kelsen tried to reconstruct ‘authorized science (Rechtswissenschaft)’ as a ‘science of norms (Normen)’, on analogy with Immanuel Kant ‘s conception of a science of ‘causality’ as utilized in pure science (Hans Kelsen, Society and Nature, 1946, pages 249-262, Kegan Paul Press).
Chapter Six of Pure Idea of Legislation has Kelsen present his celebrated id principle of regulation and state. It does not assume that you have data or abilities in philosophy, political theory, economics or different social sciences – although any such information and abilities could also be of help in undertaking this course.
The California Structure confers this energy on the state legislature to enact laws inside certain prescribed boundaries of content and jurisdiction. Kelsen remains to be a positivist in that he agrees that law must be posits (social constructions) quite than derivations from motive.