He calls that basic norm “the logical constitution.” It’s the fundamental evaluative premise from which the legitimacy or validity of all of the legal guidelines derive. The pure theory of regulation maintains that legal guidelines are norms handed down by the state.
Once Kelsen admits, as he does, that the content material of a basic norm is totally decided by apply, it turns into very difficult to understand how the explication of authorized validity he gives is non-reductive. And legal scientists ought to assist them, as an example in legislation reform.
Two norms can derive their validity from the identical fundamental norm, however fail to belong to the same system as, for instance, in case of an orderly secession whereby a new legal system is created by the authorized authorization of one other.
After all, as Brian Bix (1999) factors out, the argument does little work for Austin because it is at all times potential for a court docket to enforce a regulation towards an individual that doesn’t satisfy Austin’s personal idea of authorized validity. In the same method, theories are primarily based on quite a lot of scientific laws, information, testing, and other proof, all fit collectively in a method that provides an explanation of how some a part of the universe works.